University of Montana Catalog 2023-2024

Mountain Studies Minor

Mountain Studies is an interdisciplinary field of study focusing on the physical and human dimensions of mountain environments. Coursework in the minor emphasizes biophysical-ecological and mountain-society interactions, including a critical analysis of the processes of change and influence shaping local and regional mountain environments today. The minor in Mountain Studies takes advantage of existing faculty expertise and an array of courses to provide students with a science-based curriculum and global perspective. Students pursuing the minor in mountain studies will develop knowledge and skills appropriate for graduate study and for working with government and non-government agencies and groups. A field-based experience, either domestically or in an international setting, is encouraged.

Minor - Mountain Studies


Upper-Division Core Course3
Mountain Studies Elective Courses15
Total Hours18

Degree Specific Credits: 18

Required Cumulative GPA: 2.0

Note: In addition to completing the requirements for a major in any discipline, students electing the minor in Mountain Studies must have a GPA of 3.0 in their major and complete a minimum of 18 additional credits in this minor. Each student must complete the core course, then complete 15 additional credits that support the student’s academic interests in Mountain Studies. All elective courses must be approved by the program director. The Mountain Studies minor requires at least 6 credits in courses numbered 300 and above. Students can receive credit for special topics courses, relevant experiential learning and internship experiences, and for relevant courses taken at other universities.

Upper-Division Core Course

Complete the following course:
GPHY 338Mountains and Society3
Total Hours3

 Minimum Required Grade: C-

Mountain Studies Elective Courses

Complete 15 credits from the following courses:15
Field Ecology
Alpine Ecology
Stream Ecology
Conservation Ecology
Landscape Ecology
Lake Ecology
Forest and Fire Ecology
Rocky Mountain Flora
TEK of Indigenous Peoples
Weather and Climate
Forest Ecology
Fire Ecology
Introduction to Physical Geology
Introduction to Environmental Geology
Natural Disasters
Geologic Evolution of North America
The Water Planet
Earth's Changing Climate
Global Tectonics
Process Geomorphology
Snow, Ice and Climate Change
Geography of World Regions
Economic Geography of Rural Areas
UAV Remote Sensing for Field Ecology
Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Environmental Science and Sustainability
Science of Climate Change
Field Studies in Ecosystems and Human Communities
Watershed Hydrology
Forest and Communities
Yellowstone Studies
Special Topics
Parks & Outdoor Recreation Management
Tourism, Livelihoods and Sustainability in Mountains
Wilderness Rescue and Survival
Winter Wilderness Field Studies
Wilderness & Protected Area Management
Total Hours15

Minimum Required Grade: C-